Resumen del conflicto entre Israel y Gaza el 20/12/2023

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More than 20,000 people have died in Gaza since October 7th due to Israeli army bombings, as reported by the Gaza Health Ministry controlled by Hamas. Among them, approximately 8,000 were children and 6,200 were women.

The Israeli government rejects a ceasefire in Gaza before the “elimination” of Hamas. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has stated that the war in Gaza will continue “until the end” and until Hamas is “eliminated” on the day when the leader of the Palestinian militia has traveled to Cairo to attempt to negotiate a new ceasefire. “Those who think we will stop are disconnected from reality,” he said in a video shared on his X account.

The UN Security Council has postponed the vote on a resolution to call for a ceasefire in the Strip and to ensure the entry of humanitarian aid for the third time due to differences over the text with the United States, Israel’s biggest international support. Meanwhile, international leaders call for a pause in the conflict. “We need a ceasefire now,” said the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom, after warning of the poor hygienic and sanitary conditions faced by the population in the Strip due to the lack of food and the blockade by the Israeli army. French President Emmanuel Macron has also joined the proposal and has stated that combating terrorism does not mean “ravaging everything” in Gaza.

Hamas political leader Ismail Haniyeh has traveled to Egypt to negotiate a pause in the conflict and a new hostage exchange, although the conclusions of the meeting have not been made public. The Islamist militia warned on Tuesday that they will not negotiate the release of hostages while Israel’s military offensive in the Strip continues but said they are “open to any initiative that contributes to ending the aggression against our people”.

Meanwhile, the Israeli government has called for the cessation of international funding for the UN agency for Palestinian refugees, UNRWA. “Not a cent more to UNRWA,” said Israeli Foreign Minister Eli Cohen, before stating that the Islamist militia makes a “cynical use” of the agency’s facilities. The food crisis in the Palestinian enclave is worsening, despite the opening this week of the Kerem Shalom border crossing in the south of the Strip to allow the entry of humanitarian aid.

In the war front, the leader of the Houthi rebels in Yemen, Abdel Malek al Houthi, has threatened to attack US warships “if they get more involved” in the conflict. The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Josep Borrell, has announced that the 27 member countries have agreed to “contribute” to Operation Guardian of Prosperity led by the United States to protect the security of ships sailing through the Red Sea and to combat the Houthi rebels in Yemen who have attacked and seized them in recent days.

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