La colaboración entre los socialistas de Navarra y EH Bildu: una apuesta arriesgada

On November 27, the general secretary of the PSE (Socialist Party of Euskadi), Eneko Andueza, stated in a meeting in Madrid, considering the narrowing gap between PNV and EH Bildu, that socialist votes would not contribute to the leftist abertzale ruling in Euskadi after the next Basque elections, unless they made a self-critical recognition of their past support for ETA. However, just two weeks have passed and the PSN (Socialist Party of Navarra) is going to support, along with nationalists and Podemos, a motion of no confidence against the mayor of Pamplona, Cristina Ibarrola, from UPN (Union of Navarrese People), PP’s ally, in order to make Joseba Asirón from EH Bildu, the second most voted party in the local elections on May 28, the mayor.
It is obvious that the situation in Euskadi is different from Navarra. In Euskadi, PSE and PNV have a regional government pact, extended to numerous Basque municipalities, for two legislative periods now, and everything points to it being renewed after the spring elections, even if EH Bildu were to surpass PNV in the polls, which the latest surveys do not detect. This Tuesday, Andueza confirmed the position held on November 27 in Madrid.
In Navarra, the situation is very different. PSN does not have the option to choose between EH Bildu or PNV, a centrist party that supports the PSOE-Sumar Government due to its rejection of the far-right and, because of this, the radical alliance that PP’s Alberto Núñez Feijóo has woven with Vox. The PSN’s option is to choose between EH Bildu or UPN. After the municipal elections in May, the Navarrese socialists facilitated UPN, the most voted list, to govern the City Council of Pamplona.
Since Pedro Sánchez’s investiture as president, UPN has been a stable and permanent companion of the PP-Vox alliance. And the foralist party has maintained a discourse as radical as the two major Spanish right-wing parties against the government left. Also at the local level. UPN has even participated in demonstrations against the socialist headquarters in Pamplona, in Plaza del Castillo, due to the amnesty law. At the same time, the internal situation in the City Council of Pamplona was one of deadlock. The mayor ―unlike her predecessor, Enrique Maya, also from UPN― has not managed to garner any consensus in her six months in office and has even given up presenting the Budget.
However, it also seems evident that there has been a trade-off, although UPN’s behavior has facilitated it. EH Bildu facilitated, after the May elections, the socialist María Chivite becoming the president of the Navarrese regional government and now the PSN supports EH Bildu having the City Council of the capital of Navarra. This is an unprecedented fact and a risky move for the socialists insofar as it surpasses the red line that the PSOE had historically established: the prior demand to the abertzale left for a self-criticism of their past complicity with ETA. It is obvious that what happened in Navarra is an undesirable result of the political polarization that Spain is experiencing.

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