Conflict between Israel and Gaza: overview of 01/03/2024 in Spain

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Israel has stated that it will halt negotiations for a ceasefire in Gaza until Hamas provides a list of Israeli hostages still alive in Gaza, as reported by the American media outlet Axios. The list was part of an agreement between Egypt, Qatar, mediators for the ceasefire, and the Israeli government to continue discussions, but Israel claims not to have received the list yet.

Hamas has alleged that seven hostages have died due to Israeli army attacks. “We tried to keep them alive, but Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has insisted on killing them all,” said the commander of the militia’s armed wing, Abu Ubaida.

Meanwhile, a significant portion of the international community has condemned the Thursday aggression in Gaza, where over a hundred people were killed while trying to get food from a convoy in Gaza City (north). UN Secretary-General António Guterres has demanded an “independent investigation” into the massacre, echoing calls made by the German government, the President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, and the French President Emmanuel Macron, who has urged intensified efforts for a ceasefire to allow aid delivery in the enclave. The EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrell, stated: “These deaths are entirely unacceptable. Depriving people of food aid constitutes a serious violation of international humanitarian law.”

On the other hand, the European Union has announced that it will disburse 50 out of the 82 million euros planned to finance UNRWA next week. The UN agency for Palestinian refugees has welcomed Brussels’ decision, noting that it comes at a “critical moment,” emphasizing that “full disbursement of the EU’s contribution is crucial for the agency’s ability to maintain its operations in a very volatile area.”

Furthermore, the United States has declared that it will resort to launching humanitarian aid from aircraft to try to supply Gaza, where conditions are increasingly approaching a famine, as reported by US President Joe Biden. Jordan, Belgium, and other countries have also dispatched humanitarian aid to Gaza from the air. The Jordanian Armed Forces have dropped three aid packages over northern Gaza, while Belgium joined on Friday to overcome Israel’s blockade on supplies entering by land.

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